Whether it is a fall, a car accident or a sprain from playing sports, a knee injury can be very painful and lead to ongoing problems, such as chronic pain, difficulty bending, problems weight bearing, locking of the knee and instability. There are five different types of knee injuries and for each there is a specific recommended treatment. Below are the five types of injury and an explanation of how each type of injury usually occurs:
1) Sprain: Injuries to the ligaments that hold the knee together.
There are three levels of knee sprain, which are:
- Grade 1- Ligament is stretched and painful
- Grade 2- Ligament is partially torn
- Grade 3- Ligament is torn completely
2) Strain: Tendons/muscles surrounding the knee are stretched, usually due to hyper-flexion/extension of the knee.
3) Bursitis: A fluid-filled pouch in the knee (called a bursa) becomes irritated, inflamed, or infected. This can be due to overuse, arthritis, degenerative joint disease, and injuries from kneeling.
4) Meniscus Tears: These are pieces of cartilage inside the knee that help with shock absorption, and can be injured through trauma, such as a car accident or slip & fall, or become dysfunctional gradually due to overuse.
5) Fractures: Knee fractures occur due to a direct blow to the knee or a sudden compression injury to the knee.
1) Sprain/Strain injuries—RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation). You should do this at home immediately after a sprain or strain.
2) Ligament tears—knee immobilization. Contact a Pain Stop professional as soon as you can for assessment specific to your injury.
3) Chronic inflammation/bursitis—Cortisone injections/trigger point injections. Contact Pain Stop for the next available appointment to discuss a treatment plan.
More extensive injuries (Ligament tears, Fractures, or instability) may require a referral for an orthopedic consultation.
Whether the pain is from a trauma, such as a slip and fall or a car accident, or a chronic issue, you should see a pain professional as soon as possible. At Pain Stop we have multiple methods to treat knee pain such as digital X-ray and diagnostic ultrasound to help diagnose the problem in the knee. Then treatment may occur using trigger point injections, ultrasound guided joint injections, Orthovisc Injections, bracing the knee joint, physiotherapy and chiropractic.